As Nigeria’s education sector continues to experience a decline in standard and quality of infrastructure, the Executive Secretary, Universal Basic Education Commission, UBEC, Dr. Hamid Bobboyi said that the most worrisome issue is the out-of-school children phenomenon as the figures range from 8.7m to 13.5m pupils, the highest in the world.” He lamented that in the North-East and the North-West 58% and 51% of their children respectively never attended school or attend only quranic schools. Bobboyi who described the trend as a challenge during a stakeholders round table in Lagos organized by Oando Foundation, pointed out that the Almajiri, migrant communities, the girl-child predicament, Boko Haram and killer herdsmen helped to increase the figure of out-of-school children. He lamented the learning crisis in the North-West and North-East where pupils would be in school but little learning is taking place. Using the Kaduna State saga as a reference point, Bobboyi said in many schools across the country, there’s a dearth of qualified teachers adding that in many states, teaching is seen as a last resort while political thuggery and pre-service training without teaching practice and service without mentorship is rife.” He further said other challenges to basic education include, “Misalignment of actions and actors within the basic education sub-sector; poor feedback mechanism and feeble efforts to build and sustain evidence-based actions.” In his presentation on The Imperatives of the Organized Private Sector support in the development of basic education in Nigeria, he said “it’s imperative to learn from the Korean Republic about how the universalization of qualitative basic education provided the foundation of its socio-economic and individual growth and development and that UBE should ordinarily cover Early Childhood Care Development and Education, ECCDE, primary schools and Junior Secondary Schools.” According to him, the UBE target is to attain 100 per cent of school age children attending and completing formal education and possessing literacy, numeracy and basic life skills so as to live meaningfully in society and contribute to national development. On quality, he said “100 per cent of basic education teachers should possess the Nigeria Certificate in Education (NCE) and 100 per cent of basic education schools should be equipped with conducive teaching and learning environment” just as he noted that to ensure equity in UBE, the targets are to eliminate gender disparity in basic education delivery; address all forms of disadvantages as well as promoting inclusive education.