Antibiotics increases Type 1 diabetes risk in children
A new research has found that the commonly-prescribed drug can significantly increase the risk for Type 1 diabetes in children. So, parents should be extra careful while giving antibiotics to them.
In Type 1 diabetes, the immune system mistakenly destroys the islet cells in the pancreas that produce insulin. And without insulin, patients cannot properly control their levels of blood sugar (glucose), which builds up to damage nerves and blood vessels. A study was conducted on mice and found out that antibiotics changed the mix of gut microbes in their young ones and dramatically raised their risk for Type 1 diabetes. Martin Blaser, Professor at New York University (NYU) in the US, “Our study begins to clarify the mechanisms by which antibiotic-driven changes in gut microbiomes may increase risk for Type 1 diabetes”. In the study, the team examined the effects of exposure to either continuous low-dose antibiotics or pulsed antibiotic therapy (PAT), which mimics the doses used to treat many infections in children.
Short pulses of antibiotics caused non-obese diabetic (NOD) mice — that are more susceptible to Type 1 diabetes — to develop the disease more quickly and more often than mice not treated with antibiotics. Specifically, male NOD mice exposed to PAT were found to have twice (53 per cent) the incidence of Type 1 diabetes as control NOD mice (26 per cent incidence) that received no antibiotics.