1. What is Human Papilloma Virus Infection?
Human Papillomavirus infection is about the commonest sexually transmitted diseases known, especially among adolescents. There are many types of the virus.
2. What Causes Human Papilloma Virus Infection?
The infection is caused by the Human Papillomavirus, this virus is different from Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) and Herpes Simplex Virus (HSV).
3. How does Human Papilloma Virus Infection Spread?
The infection spreads through vaginal, anal and oral sexual intercourse but more through vaginal and anal with someone who has the virus.
4. When Do You Suspect You May Have Human Papilloma Virus Infection?
Human papillomavirus infection may show no symptoms but may reveal itself several years later in the form of cancer. The cancer may affect the cervix, vagina, vulva, anus, penis or the back of the throat.
In some cases, genital warts may be the symptom, these could be large or small growth on the vagina, vulva, penis, anus, cervix; the growth could be a swelling, flattish growth or cauliflower in shape. The Human Papillomavirus that leads to genital warts is different from that which leads to cancer.
5. What Can Put You at Risk?.
Promiscuity, polygamous relationships, frequent change of sexual partners. Homosexuallity among men.
6. Any complications?
The complications of Human Papillomavirus infection include genital warts and cancer of the cervix, vagina, penis, vulva, anus and throat
A vaccine against Human Paillomavirus is now available; all boys and girls between the ages of 11 and 12 years should be vaccinated. Three shots are given within a period of six months.
Those males who missed the vaccination can have it up till 21 years of age while the females up till 26 years of age.
Homosexual and bisexual men are advised to go for it up till 26 years of age. The same applies to all those who have reduced immunity.