The Federal Government said on Monday that vaccine and treatment for most vector diseases were yet to be found.
The Minister of Health, Prof. Onyebuchi Chukwu, said this in Abuja while briefing newsmen as part of activities commemorating this year’s World Health Day.
Prof.Chukwu, therefore, advised Nigerians to take precaution to prevent occurrence of vector borne diseases.
The theme of the 2014 event “Vector-borne diseases’’, with the slogan “Small bites, big threats’’.
He explained that vector-borne diseases were infectious agents, such as viruses, bacteria and parasites that living creatures carry and passed on to other living creatures.
The minister said the disease carriers called “vectors,” were usually mosquitoes, ticks and mammals.
He listed examples of vector-borne diseases to include, dengue fever, malaria, yellow fever, Lassa fever and Ebola.
“The individual and the community have a vital role to play, we must abandon some traditional practices that promote the spread of these vector-borne diseases and assume responsibility for personal hygiene.
“Such traditional practices include staying late in the open or sleeping outside without clothes, poor handling of dogs, consumption of unwholesome food and water.
“The bad news is that, currently, there are no effective vaccines against most of these diseases. The good news is that we can protect ourselves by taking simple measures,’’ Chukwu said.
He said the prevalence of some of the diseases increased as a result of population, climate change and human activities which have negative health impact.