Regular exercise can help protect you from heart disease and stroke, high blood pressure, noninsulin-dependent (type 2) diabetes, obesity, back pain, osteoporosis, and can improve your mood and help you to better manage stress.
For the greatest overall health benefits, experts recommend that you do 20 to 30 minutes of aerobic activity three or more times a week and some type of muscle strengthening activity and stretching at least twice a week. However, if you are unable to do this level of activity, you can gain substantial health benefits by accumulating 30 minutes or more of moderate-intensity physical activity a day, at least five times a week.
If you have been inactive for a while, you may want to start with less strenuous activities such as walking or swimming at a comfortable pace. Beginning at a slow pace will allow you to become physically fit without straining your body. Once you are in better shape, you can gradually do more strenuous activity.
Specific Health Benefits of Exercise are further explained below:
1. Heart Disease and Stroke.
Daily physical activity can help prevent heart disease and stroke by strengthening your heart muscle, lowering your blood pressure, raising your high-density lipoprotein (HDL) levels (good cholesterol) and lowering low-density lipoprotein (LDL) levels (bad cholesterol), improving blood flow, and increasing your heart’s working capacity.
2. Helps in the treatment of High Blood Pressure.
Regular physical activity can reduce blood pressure in those with high blood pressure levels. Physical activity also reduces body fatness, which is associated with high blood pressure.
3. Reduces the risk of type 2 diabetes.
By reducing body fatness, physical activity can help to prevent and control type 2 diabetes.
4. Helps control weight.
Physical activity helps to reduce body fat by building or preserving muscle mass and improving the body’s ability to use calories. When physical activity is combined with proper nutrition, it can help control weight and prevent obesity, a major risk factor for many diseases.
5. Helps relieve back pain and joint pains
By increasing muscle strength and endurance and improving flexibility and posture, regular exercise helps to prevent back pain.
6. Helps older adults become stronger and better able to move about without falling
Regular weight-bearing exercise promotes bone formation and may prevent many forms of bone loss associated with aging. Exercises reduce osteoporosis
7. Promotes psychological well-being, Reduces feelings of depression and anxiety.
Regular physical activity can improve your mood and the way you feel about yourself. Researchers also have found that exercise is likely to reduce depression and anxiety and help you to better manage stress.