HEALTH POTPOURRI FOR YOUR SUNDAY

Health Advice
Health Advice
1. Mumps is a highly contagious disease caused by Mumps virus
Mumps is very infectious disease caused by the mumps virus. It affects those things in our body which produce saliva called salivary glands—parotid, sub-maxillary and sublingual salivary glands; the parotid is the one affected in most cases. The disease occurs all over the world, both developed and developing countries and can be in form of outbreaks as it is highly infectious.
However the incidence is higher in crowded homes with poor ventilation and schools
Children under five years are mostly affected but teenagers and young youths can also be affected. It is worse in adults.
Mumps spreads by droplet, that is saliva/nasal discharge that comes out of your mouth when you talk or when coughing or sneezing to someone close to you at the time. It can also spread by direct and indirect contact with an infected person; direct contact is by handshake, kissing while indirect is by touching objects touched or used by the affected person.
The virus enters the body through the respiratory tract
Incubation period (time from exposure to the virus to coming down with the disease) is about 14-28 days with an average of 18 days.
The affected person can spread the disease days before the symptoms appear and for a few days during the illness.  A few persons may have the disease but show no signs of the disease but are able to spread it, they are called healthy carriers
A single attack confess life – long immunity



2. Autism is a neuro-developmental disorder 
Autism is a neuro-developmental disorder characterized by social and communication deficits and repetitive behaviours. The child is unable or finds it difficult to communicate in any language, always keeps to himself and plays with himself via repetitive movements.
While the prevalence of Autism is increasing, it’s still not entirely clear exactly how common autism it is.  It is said that each time the United States’ Center for Disease Control (CDC) does a monitoring study, the rate of autism goes up — the latest numbers show that 1 in every 68 children born falls on the autism spectrum. However, according to some reports, the number may be significantly lower — studies that use gold standard diagnostic procedures and observe children directly find rates closer to 1 in 150 children in mild cases. The incidence is about 1 to 3 per 1000 in severe cases in the United Kingdom.
Autism is caused by a genetic abnormality; a child is born with the condition. About a hundred genes have been discovered to have a hand in autism. A handful of risk factors have also been found to be associated with autism, they contribute but do not on their own cause autism. These risk factors include very low birth weight, preterm birth, older parental age, and exposure to some toxins during pregnancy,
3. Regular fish consumption reduces risk of heart disease.
Fish has a kind of fat called omega-3, this fat prevent the blood from getting too thick, if it gets too thick then it cannot flow freely in your blood vessel and that can affect the blood vessels supplying blood to the heart leading to heart disease. This omega-3 is also said to help lower a substance in the blood called cholesterol which can narrow the blood vessels after sometime; this can also cause heart disease. This problem is reduced if you eat fish regularly.
4. Nose picking is a common cause of nose bleeding
Children often pick their nostrils, even adults do that a lot. This action can and do injure the some of the blood vessels in the Little’s area resulting in nose bleed. This is more common if the nails are sharp.
5. Physical exercise can reduce snoring
Regular physical exercise can help you fight snoring. Exercises strengthen the body muscles including the muscles at the back of the mouth and nose.  Strengthened muscles help to open the air passage and that reduces snoring.
Physical exercises also help to maintain normal body weight, obese people tend to snore more.
6. Pain could be beneficial in heart attack–study
A study by the Good Samaritan Hospital Heart Institute in Los Angeles showed that people who have no angina pain before a heart attack are almost twice as likely to die from the attack as those who had suffered angina. And, recently, British scientists have discovered that the intense pain suffered during a heart attack may help save lives. Blocking it with powerful drugs may worsen the victim’s chances of survival.
They found that during a heart attack, pain signals from cardiac nerves help to attract stem cells from bone marrow to repair damage, and restore blood flow after a clot has starved the heart of oxygen-carrying blood. Apparently each painful episode of angina may actually toughen the cardiac muscle, so it will survive a heart attack with less damage.

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