1.Smoking increases risk of prematurity, abortions, low birth weight.
Children of smokers are more likely to be, born premature, of low birth weight and mentally retarded. They also have more frequent chest infections and ear infections than those of non-smokers. Children of Smokers are also more likely to be smokers. Finally female smokers are more prone to abortions.
2.Syphilis Spreads from Person to Person.
The disease spreads from person to person from the infected sore on the penis, inside the vagina and the mouth. The bacteria are also present in the saliva, semen, vaginal discharge and blood.
Thus, spread can be through sexual intercourse (oral, vaginal or rectal), kissing and other forms of foreplay. The bacteria easily penetrate the skin and the inside lining of the mouth, vagina and anus.
An infected pregnant woman can pass the disease to the unborn child- the bacteria pass through the placenta to the child in the womb.
Also the disease can spread through the transfusion of infected blood.
Finally the disease can be contracted by accidental contact by care-giver or other close contacts of an infected person touching infected materials or sore.
3.Cucumber Reduces cholesterol and Regulates Heart Function.
Cucumber juice is said to contain a substance which is needed by the cells of the pancreas for producing insulin which has been found to be beneficial to diabetic patients.
Researchers found that a compound called sterol in cucumbers may help reduce cholesterol levels.
Cucumbers also contain a lot of potassium, magnesium and fiber. These work effectively in regulating heart function. Cucumbers are therefore useful in both low blood pressure and high blood pressure.
4.Ebola Fever Spreads by contact with body fluids of infected person.
Ebola Virus Disease affects animals and humans. It comes into the human population through contact with the blood and other body fluids of infected animals. It can also happen when animals with the disease (dead or alive) are handled by human beings or eaten without being properly cooked. These animals include chimpanzee, gorillas, monkeys, fruit bats and antelopes.
Once it enters the human population, it then spreads from person to person through contact with the blood, saliva, sweat, and other body fluids including semen of the infected persons. Even poor handling of bodies of persons who died from the disease also helps in the spread.
Health workers (doctors, nurses, laboratory scientists etc ) can contract the disease if special care is not taken during treatment of the infected person.
Infected persons can infect others up to two months after the onset of the disease.
5.Avoid Prolonged Use of Antibiotics/Painkillers etc.
Prolonged use of heavy doses of some drugs such as antibiotics, painkillers(aspirins), anti-depressants and some used to control high blood pressure could cause or worsen ringing or buzzing in one or both ears. Also always inform your doctor whenever a prescription is to be written for you if you already have the condition so that he/she can avoid the drugs that can aggravate the condition.
6.Pregnancy can induce diabetes.
Pregnancy related hormones reduce efficiency of insulin resulting in high blood sugar; the baby is then able to take from this sugar for his needs. When this increase is excessive it becomes a problem, the baby can become too big and the woman may become diabetic.
This problem usually arises between the 20th and 28th weeks of pregnancy. Antenatal care can take care of this.The diabetes of pregnancy in most cases disappears after delivery but could progress into full blown diabetes if not properly treated. Such babies can also grow to become fat and diabetic.
7.Pregnant are advised not to Fast.
Pregnant women are advised not to fast. Fasting reduces the available glucose in the blood and increases the fat content. This is not good for the developing brain of the child. Dieting in pregnancy is therefore not encouraged. Women can do that after delivery.
8.Pregnant Women Should Avoid Caffeine
Caffeine is not advisable in pregnancy, it affects the intake of iron which can lead to low blood level. Moreover, the growing baby in the womb cannot breakdown caffeine into harmless substances, consequently as the pregnant woman drinks/takes caffeine containing substances, the baby also takes them. Thus the infant could have withdrawal symptoms as infants are not usually given caffeine substances.
Heavy caffeine intake can lead to delivery of low birth weight babies.
Experiments in animals have shown that caffeine can cause abortion.
Women should please note that caffeine is in some non-prescription drugs, tea, coffee, chocolate and soft drinks.