Mumbai: Are you suffering from irregular menstruation and reduced bleeding? If yes, then it can be a sign of genital Tuberculosis (TB). It is said that around 60-70 per cent of women fall victim to genital TB, largely a cause of infertility. Doctors have said that every women with menstrual irregularities, reduced bleeding, scanty menses and infections in the cervix are likely suffering from genital TB. Terming genital TB a silent disease, the gynaecologist have said that the uterus manages to heal well only among those whose infection is diagnosed quickly and provided with timely treatment. Bandita Sinha, Consultant Obstetrician and Gynaecologist at Hiranandani Fortis hospital said, “Among those with genital TB, 55 per cent affects the tubes, 40 per cent infects the endometrium or the lining of the uterus, 10 per cent affects the ovaries, five per cent affects the cervix. Only among those whose infection is diagnosed quickly and provided with timely treatment, the uterus manages to heal well”. Sinha, one of the leading gynaecologists of the country, said that as the uterus lining is shed every month during the menstrual cycle, the regenerated lining helps heal the uterus well. But there are instances where the healing does not happen quickly, leading to scarring and severe fibrosis or adhesions. A thick, healthy lining of the uterus, known as the endometrium is necessary for a healthy menstrual cycle and pregnancy. Doctors say that nearly 90 per cent of women with genital TB are diagnosed in the 15-40 years age group. Infertility on account of genital tuberculosis is 60-80 per cent. March 24 is world TB Day.

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