A rise in lifestyle diseases is increasing the risk of infertility among young women, a study released here on Thursday says. The study was conducted by fertility expert Kshitiz Murdia of the Indira Infertility Clinic and Test Tube Baby Centre.
It said the links between lifestyle diseases and infertility were progressively gaining validation and the three most severe diseases that leads to infertility were Adenomyosis, Endometriosis and Polycystic Ovary Syndrome (PCOM).
Adenomyosis is a disease characterized by migration of inner lining of uterus into the muscle of uterus that decreases endometrial receptivity, elevates the chances of miscarriage and perturb uterine contractions. In Endometriosis, the tissue lining inside uterus grows outside the uterus. PCOS is also a similar disease that leads to enlargement of the ovary. “There is strong evidence that factors like age, weight and smoking have adverse impacts on the general health and reproductive capability of a woman,” said the study.
There was an urgent need to pay heed to the problem as in many cases people do not get to know about it. The symptoms were prevalent during menstrual cycle in the form of infrequent, prolonged or excessive bleeding accompanied with pain. The signs of these diseases also involve abdominal cramps and blood clots. In case of PCOS, excessive hair growth, acne and obesity can also be witnessed.
The early diagnosis and treatment of the disease can reduce the risk of long-term complications, Murdia told IANS in a statement. He said smoking, psychological stress, caffeine and alcohol consumption and exposure to pollutants leads to lifestyle disorders and ultimately to infertility. “The most important thing to be done right now is not to let such disease go undiagnosed,” said the study.