A general physician, Dr. Tosin Olowojebutu the Medical Director of Liberty-Life Hospital, Ogudu, Lagos State,, has advised Nigerians to always use treated mosquito nets to protect themselves against malaria attack, adding that pregnant women and children should heed this advice. He said these sets of people were more vulnerable to the attack. “Pregnant women and children below age five must be encouraged to use the long lasting insecticide nets,”  He also advised that proper diagnosis should be carried out after a patient must have completed full treatment of malaria with Artemisinin Combination Therapy (ACT). Olowojebutu has said that the best and first treatment for malaria was the ACT which is very affordable and available. According to the World Health Organization (WHO) in Nigeria, up to 50 per cent of the population is attacked by malaria each year. “Malaria is responsible for 30 per cent of childhood death and 11 per cent of maternal deaths and the national malaria positive rate either by rapid diagnostic test (RDT) or by microscopy is still above 32 per cent compared to 38 per cent rate in 2007. Olowojebutu has said that malaria diagnosis had improved in the country following the national malaria policy of 2011 that recommended the use of RDT for malaria test for every febrile case    . He said that with the exception of North-Central Nigeria, RDT now detects malaria more by between 20 per cent and 67 per cent than microscopy across the other geopolitical zones. “RDT detects parasite antigens, while microscopy detects the parasite at different stages of its life cycle in the red blood cell,”

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