A total of six new cases of Monkey pox disease have been confirmed in Nigeria by the Federal Ministry of Health bringing the total number confirmed so far to 9; in the following states of Bayelsa (5), Akwa Ibom (2), Enugu (1) and the Federal Capital Territory, Abuja (1).
Suspected cases have been reported in the following states: Bayelsa, Rivers, Akwa Ibom, Imo, Delta, Nassarawa, Ekiti, Cross River, Enugu, Niger, Lagos and Kano and also the FCT, Abuja.
Monkeypox infection mainly affects animals: rodents (rats), particularly the Gambian rats; monkeys, squirrels and dogs but occasssionally gets to rats. The African rat is the reserviour of infection.Infection of index cases results from direct contact with the blood, bodily fluids, or cutaneous or mucosal lesions of infected animals.
Monkeypox is usually transmitted to humans from infected rodents, pets particularly dogs and primates through contact with the animal’s blood, secretions or through a bite.
Eating inadequately cooked meat of infected animals is another possible way of the spread of the disease to human.
Secondary, or human-to-human, transmission can result from close contact with infected respiratory tract secretions, skin lesions of an infected person or objects recently contaminated by patient fluids or lesion materials. Transmission occurs primarily via droplet respiratory particles usually requiring prolonged face-to-face contact, which puts household members of active cases at greater risk of infection. Transmission can also occur by inoculation or via the placenta (congenital monkeypox). There is no evidence, to date, that person-to-person transmission alone can sustain monkeypox infections in the human population
Also Read Seven ways to avoid Monkey pox infection