New Delhi: As doctors around the world express concern over the growing incidence of diabetes among today’s children, a disturbing new report has revealed that India is host to over 97,000 type-1 diabetic children. The report further said that around 32 per lakh children are affected in Delhi. Diabetes is considered to be a silent killer by medical professionals across the world. Even a single symptom reflecting the onset of the disease is a cause for concern. Diabetes is an autoimmune disease in which the immune system destroys the insulin-producing cells in the pancreas, leaving children painfully dependent on insulin injections for survival. It could be hereditary and can also develop due to an unhealthy lifestyle. Doctors are keen on busting the common myths on Type-1 diabetes and spreading awareness on various ways of managing the disease. Modern therapies which include glucometers and insulin pumps help people manage the disease and live healthier and better lives. Due to the exact cause of the disease being unknown to date, many myths surround the disease, it goes unattended and affect the treatment of patients. “Around 32 per lakh children are affected by type-1 diabetes in Delhi. The disease is highly prevalent in children, which is why it is called juvenile diabetes. The cause of the disease is unknown, but it usually manifests when the immunity of a person turns against the body killing insulin-producing cells in the pancreas. We receive 10-20 patients per week. Life of a type-1 diabetic patient becomes traumatic and limited due to the need to regularly inject insulin for managing glucose levels in the body, and this especially becomes a stigma for children, who gradually come to grasp the reality of the disease,” said Dr IPS Kochar Senior Consultant, Apollo & Fortis Hospital, Noida. The diabetic children do not check their blood sugars and do not take insulin due to social stigma in school and when with friends. The children miss insulin doses during stay-overs with friends. They feel insecure and inadequate in comparison with peers due to having diabetes. Adolescents have erratic eating habits. Children and their parents have reservations about taking part in sports. People see them as a burden to the community and think that these children will never able to lead a normal life. Persisting myths and ignorance about the disease hinder the treatment awareness around the disease. For instance, people are not aware of emerging ways of tracking and managing glucose levels, such as that by a Glucometer or insulin pumps, which help in better management of disease and lead to more active and better lifestyle.