The World Health Organization (WHO) has confirmed the first three cases of the deadly Zika virus in the country. All the three cases were reported from the Bapunagar area of Ahmedabad which includes a pregnant lady who was tested positive in January 2017. The WHO in a statement said,”The Ministry of Health and Family Welfare – Government of India (MoHFW) reported three laboratory-confirmed cases of Zika virus disease in Bapunagar area, Ahmedabad District, Gujarat, State, India.” However, the WHO did not recommend any travel or trade restriction to India based on the current information available. According to the statement, the routine surveillance detected a laboratory-confirmed case of Zika virus disease through RT-PCR test at B J Medical College in Ahmedabad. This was further confirmed at the national reference laboratory at the National Institute of Virology (NIV) in Pune on January 4, 2017. The global health body said two additional cases were then identified through the Acute Febrile Illness (AFI) and the Antenatal clinic (ANC) surveillance. Between February 10-16 in 2016, a total 93 blood samples were collected at BJ Medical College (BJMC) out of which one sample from a 64-year-old male had tested positive for Zika virus. The statement said,”This was first Zika positive case reported through AFI surveillance from Gujarat,” Also, a 34-year-old woman delivered a baby at BJMC on November 9, 2016 and during her stay in the hospital developed a low-grade fever after delivery. The woman had no history of fever during pregnancy and had no history of travel for three months. A sample from the patient was referred to the Viral Research and Diagnostic Laboratory (VRDL) for dengue testing and was found to be positive for the virus. “She was discharged after one week (on 16 November, 2016). The sample was re-confirmed as Zika virus positive at NIV,” the statement said. Besides, a 22-year-old pregnant woman in her 37th week of pregnancy was tested positive for Zika virus disease at the same hospital.

 

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