NOSE BLEEDING IN ADULTS
The causes of nose bleeding in adults include:
One of the structures that can cause “make” and unmake” one’s face is the nose; hence one of the beautiful methods is a “nose job”.
The nose also enables you to breathe, determines your ability to smell, and protects you from infection by filtering the air you breathe in. The nose also moistens and warms the air entering the lungs and determines to an extent the quality of your voice. These functions are often over looked until something goes wrong. We then suddenly realize we cannot breathe freely and cannot perceive odours. One of such conditions is BLEEDING FROM THE NOSE.
Nosebleed is commonly from the front of the nose called the Little’s area; the area has a lot of blood vessels which help to normalize the air entering our body. Occasionally it could be from the back of the nose but this is more common in the elderly.
Nose bleed could be very scary but it is rarely fatal, most of nose bleeds could be managed at home.
The causes of nose bleeds include:
1. Nose blowing
Trying to clear the nostrils by nose blowing can cause the rupture of blood vessels in the Little’s area resulting in a nose bleed.
2. Cold dry air
When the air we breathe in is cold and dry, the blood vessels in the nose become fragile and bleeding occurs easily.
3. Injuries to the nose.
The nose can easily be injured in a fight, road traffic accident and several other mishaps; the bone of the nose or/and the soft part (cartilage) of the nose can be broken in any of the above. The result is a nose bleed.
Nose bleed may be the first symptom of high blood pressure in an adult. When blood pressure is very high, it can rupture some blood vessels in the nose.
Apart from high blood pressure and cancer of the nose, other diseases that can cause nosebleed include inherited blood diseases (blood clotting disorder and platelet disorders) which affect blood clotting; that means bleeding generally is more common and does not stop easily; these diseases are rare but do occur. Some other diseases that can cause nosebleed include liver disease, and kidney disease.
6. Tumours of the nose
A rare cause of nosebleed is cancer of the nose
Pregnancy could lead to increase in blood pressure due to increase in blood volume; this in addition to hormonal changes (oestrogen and progesterone) can cause nose bleed.
Certain drugs such as cocaine and some nasal drops used to reduce nasal discharge can cause nose bleed. They dry up the nostrils and make the blood vessels more fragile. Blood thinning drugs such as warfarin and aspirin can also cause nosebleed.
9. Colds/allergic rhinitis, infections
The common cold is a viral infection of the nose and throat characterized by repeated sneezing and running nose. When severe, it could be accompanied by nose bleed. This could be due to increased blood supply to the little’s area owing to the resultant inflammation.
The same could be said of allergic rhinitis; the nose runs copiously and there is repeated sneezing as a reaction to pollen, paint fumes and some other irritants, even the common insecticide used to kill mosquitoes.
Some infections can cause bleeding from the nose, they include Lassa fever and Ebola fever infections.