Jul 20, 2018 0

Worm infection is still common in developing countries (tropical countries) due to paucity of potable water, poor personal hygiene, and poor sanitary facilities. Disposal of feacal waste even in some cities is insanitary, sometimes dumped in rivers or streams. A large proportion of the population in developing countries does open defeacation, thus contaminating the soil. In the rural areas, there are no toilets, few boreholes are productive, few sanitary wells exist and the knowledge of water hygiene is non-existent or very rudimentary. Worm infection in many cases spreads through faeco-oral (mouth) means from contaminated hands or drinking contaminated water or through skin penetration. However, worm infection is not restricted to the tropics, certain infections occur worldwide. Some of the infections are without symptoms, while others are responsible for blindness, anaemia, various disabilities etc. The following are some of the worm infections still common in developing countries: 1. Hookworm  Hookworm infection is caused by two parasites (Ancylostoma duodenale and Necator Americana) and occurs worldwide, affecting about 1.5 billion globally. Of this... ...

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Health Gains of Carrots

Jul 19, 2018 0

Carrots are vegetables which vary in length from 2 inches to 3  feet and in diameter from half inch to 2 inches. The color of carrot is orange in most cases but could be white or purple. It has a crunchy texture with a slight sweet taste and a tinge of aromatic taste. Carrot contains water (88 percent),  carbohydrates (9.56 percent), Minerals (calcium, potassium, phosphorus and sodium) and vitamins (vitamin  A (16706 IU/100grams) and vitamin C (59 grams/100grams). Carrot has very minute protein, no cholesterol, no fats/oils. The health benefits of carrots are due to beta-carotene (vitamin A) and fibre 1. Protect Your Eyes, Helps in Night Vision Carrot contains beta-carotene which is converted to Vitamin A in the liver and also lots of  vitamin A. Vitamin A is necessary for proper development of the eyes, prevents dryness of the eyes and also ensures night vision, it prevents night blindness.  In fact low Vitamin A level in the body can destroy the eyes. Vitamin A is anti- macular degeneration and... ...

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Health benefits of Golden melon.

Jul 18, 2018 0

Golden melon is a very attractive looking fruit belonging to the melon family. It has a yellow peel with very light green fleshy interior, the middle inside has the small seeds which you should scoop out before eating. It is roundish, medium in size compared to the popular water melon. Golden melon has its origin in France but is now grown even in the tropics. It is seasonal; it is in season now in Nigeria. Golden melon is low in Sugar (6%), has plenty of water (90%) and other nutrients such as potassium (228mg/100g), Folate (19microgram/100g), Vitamin A, Vitamin C, Vitamin K, antioxidant (Zeaxanthin) and Fibre. Owing to its low sugar content, it is one fruit that is highly recommended for diabetics. You can eat the peel as part of the fruit for its fibre and is also very delicious. As usual, first wash the fruit with soap and water, then rinse with salt water and finally with safe water to remove the salt water; cut open, scoop out the... ...

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Health Risks of Hand-shakes (2).

Jul 17, 2018 0

You are at risk of the following diseases from handshakes: 1. Eye Infections Eye infections such as conjunctivitis and trachoma can spread through handshakes. Conjunctivitis is an infection of the covering of the eyeball caused by viruses or bacteria; there is redness of the eye and increased discharge of fluid. This fluid contains the germs (viruses/bacteria), if hand is used to wipe off the fluid or tissue/handkerchief is used, the hand can become contaminated and remains contaminated if not washed with soap and water. Trachoma is caused by an organism called chlamydia trachomatis and is one of the commonest causes of blindness. It also increases eye secretions which can contaminate the hands of the affected person. Hand shake can pass the germs on. 2. Hepatitis A Hepatitis is an infection of the liver caused by different types of viruses. Hepatitis A is caused by Hepatitis A virus; it spreads mostly through the faeco-oral route by contaminated food, water and fingers, that is, faeces containing the virus contaminating food, water and... ...

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Health Risks of Hand-shakes (1).

Jul 16, 2018 0

You are at risk of the following diseases from hand shakes: 1. Chicken Pox Chicken pox is caused by a virus and spreads very easily from person to person. If it attacks one person in a class or household, several others persons in the class or household are likely to have it. It has a characteristic rash that is more on the trunk (body) than on the face, feet and hands. It starts with fever, and general feeling of unwell. The rash is the give-away sign. The soles and palms are spared of the rash which dries up after sometime. 2. Ebola Fever Ebola fever is highly contagious and has a high death rate; about nine out of ten persons affected die if untreated. It comes into the human population through contact with the blood, secretions, meat and other body fluids of infected animals. It can also happen when animals with the disease (dead or alive) are handled by human beings. These animals include chimpanzee, gorillas, monkeys, fruit bats and... ...

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8 ways to brighten and whiten your teeth

Jul 15, 2018 0

Dental care is the maintenance of healthy teeth. A set of bright white teeth enhances the look of the person. Apart the freshness it excludes, it gives the person self-confidence and this can translate into successes in his chosen area if endeavour fresh breath helps personal relationships. A set of healthy teeth is good for the heart; bacteria in the mouth could enter the blood stream and cause infection in the heart, this could be life threatening, how about the pain due to dental cares? 1. Brush with toothpaste twice daily. Dentists recommend that you brush your teeth twice daily and floss once in the night before retiring for the day. Brushing removes food debri and oils from the mouth and teeth. Flossing removes food particles in between the teeth. If food particles are left in the mouth, the growth of bacteria is encouraged. 2. Apply Peroxide – based Gel. Hydrogen peroxide is known to remove stains. Consequently, manufacturers have come up with gels which are impregnated with hydrogen peroxide.... ...

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Jul 14, 2018 0

00. Overview Our beauty to a large extent depends on our skin and hair apart from the facial appearance. Your skin type is determined by how much — or how little — oil your skin produces. Genes, diet, stress level, hormonal fluctuations, medication and even your skincare regimen all determine how much oil your skin produces and you may find your skin type changes frequently going from dry to oily to normal — all in the course of a matter of months. This is normal. “Skin Test” to tell what skin type you have. To do this, wash your face, pat it dry, then take a few pieces of rice paper or lens-cleaning tissue paper and press on different spots on your face. If your skin is oily, the paper will stick, pick up oily spots and become translucent. If the paper doesn’t stick or pick up any oily spots, your skin is likely dry. If it sticks in your t-zone (forehead, nose and chin) then you have combination (or... ...

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Diseases You Can Get From Your Pet.

Jul 13, 2018 0

All of us are different in one way or the other; some like music, others; sports. Even at that some like football, some like tennis while others prefer rugby. The same applies to pets. Some people hate pets while others cannot do without them. With pets there are also preferences; some people prefer cats, some prefer dogs, some prefer birds; some even prefer snakes. Today, we shall diseases associated with pets. 1. Plague Plague is a deadly disease caused by a germ called Yersinia pestis; it used to be responsible for epidemics and pandemics and was christened the black-death. There was a recent outbreak in Madagascar. It is found in congested populations living in insanitary environments where rats can thrive. Rats have fleas on their bodies and the spread of plague is dependent on the fleas which bite rats and also man thus spreading the germs. In the tropical world it is common in colder months. Like rats, fleas can also infest cats and dogs and thence their owners. Cats... ...

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