Causes of Fever

Nov 20, 2017 0

A fever exists when the body temperature is raised; this in itself is not a disease but an indication that something may be wrong somewhere in the body. The human body through several processes and activities generates a lot of heat and also removes it to maintain a balance. When our body heat reaches a certain level, more blood flows to the skin and we sweat to remove heat from our body until the normal level is attained. When we are cold, less blood flows to the skin in order to conserve heat, if the normal body temperature is not attained we shiver to generate more heat. It is the failure of this mechanism due to several reasons that leads to fever. ...

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How to Prevent Tooth Decay

Nov 19, 2017 0

Tooth decay is the destruction of tooth structure and can affect both the enamel (the outer coating of the tooth) and the dentin layer of the tooth. Tooth decay occurs when foods containing carbohydrates (sugars and starches), such as breads, cereals, milk, soda, fruits, cakes, or candy are left on the teeth. Bacteria that live in the mouth digest these foods, turning them into acids. The bacteria, acid, food debris and saliva combine to form plaque, which clings to the teeth. The acids in plaque dissolve the enamel surface of the teeth, creating holes in the teeth called cavities. A set of healthy teeth is good for the heart; bacteria in the mouth could enter the blood stream and cause infection in the heart, this could be life threatening, how about the pain due to tooth decay? 1. Brushing with fluoride toothpaste twice daily. Dentists recommend that you brush your teeth twice daily. Brushing removes food debri and oils from the mouth and teeth. If food particles are left in... ...

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How to Prevent Tooth Sensitivity

Nov 18, 2017 0

Sensitive teeth occur when the underlying layer of your teeth –the dentine – becomes exposed as a result of receding gum tissue (the protective blanket that covers the tooth root) or/and tooth decay. The roots, which are not covered by hard enamel, contain thousands of tiny tubules leading to the tooth’s nerve center (the pulp). These dentinal tubules (or channels) allow the stimuli – for example, the hot or cold food – to reach the nerve in your tooth, which results in the pain you feel. 1. Maintain good oral hygiene. Brush your teeth gently twice a day (morning and night) and floss before going to bed; thoroughly clean all parts of your teeth and mouth. 2. Use of soft bristled toothbrush.  Tooth brushes can be hard, medium or soft. Using hard brush and brushing your teeth too vigorously for a long time can wear down enamel and cause the dentin to be exposed. It can also cause recession of the gums The use of soft tooth brushes will result... ...

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CAUSES OF SENSITIVE TEETH.

Nov 17, 2017 0

The average adult has 32 teeth (16 up and 16 down). A tooth has three sections (crown, neck and root) and four main parts:- enamel, dentine, cementum and pulp. The enamel is the strongest structure in the human body; it has neither blood vessels nor nerves. It is the part of the tooth that is exposed with its colour varying from light yellow to grayish white. Underneath the enamel is the dentine; this is softer than the enamel but harder than bone. The dentine covers the pulp which has a lot of blood vessels and nerves. The dentine has no nerves but it has a lot of tiny tubules/channels which lead to the pulp. Through these tiny tubules the pulp which has a lot of nerves is exposed to temperature changes, food and liquids. In other words these dentinal tubules (or channels) allow the stimuli – for example, the hot, cold, or sweet food – to reach the nerve in your tooth, which results in the pain you feel. ...

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Possible Sources of Mercury Poisoning near you and its Health Effects

Nov 16, 2017 0

Mercury is a chemical substance, a heavy metal, which can be found in its simplest form or as compounds. Man is exposed to mercury from several sources, when the substance reaches a certain level in the blood, signs and symptoms of poisoning appear. All forms of mercury are poisonous but the vapour appears to be most dangerous as it goes straight through the lungs into the blood. Mercury poisoning affects the brain, the lungs and the kidneys. Symptoms and signs include peeling off of the skin, increased heartbeat, high blood pressure, trembling (shakes), pin sensationin the hands and feet, lack of sleep, loss of memory, nervousness, muscle weakness, poor kidney function, brain damage. In high exposure, death results within a few days. The effect of mercury depends on dose, length of exposure, state of the person exposed (age, pregnant or not, breast feeding or not) and the route (through the mouth, nose or skin). The list below will let us know how close we are to mercury and mercury poisoning.... ...

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Health benefits of Tangerine

Nov 15, 2017 0

Tangerines are citrus fruits, a variety of oranges found all over the world. Its origin is traced to the tropical regions of Southeast Asia from where it spread to other parts of the world. Tangerine has two parts-an outer peel which is reddish-orange in colour and  the pulp which is divided into several half-moon shaped segments. They are smaller in size and the peel can very easily be removed.Tangerines are now in season and we must take advantage of this. The taste of tangerines is less sour; sweeter than that of orange. ...

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Complications of Diabetes

Nov 14, 2017 0

Untreated or poorly treated diabetes especially Type 2 has well known complications some of which are discussed below. They can be reduced by adequate control of the condition, regular check-up and prompt treatment of any complications as they arise. 1. Sudden Collapse, Coma The most common complication of Diabetes is sudden collapse with or without coma due to very low blood sugar. This could arise if a diabetic failed to eat after taking insulin injection or exercised vigorously immediately after taking insulin.  Excess insulin can also cause it. 2. Damage to the eyes: After about fifteen (15) years, about two (2) percent of diabetics may become blind while about ten (10) percent may become partially blind, and about 75 percent, less degree of damage. Cataract is also a known complication. These complications can be prevented by regular eye checks and proper treatment. 3. Damage to the kidneys:  This could lead to renal failure. About 15 percent of those with type diabetes 2 could develop end-stage chronic kidney disease if the... ...

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What you should know about Migraine.

Nov 14, 2017 0

Migraine is one of those problems associated with early to mid life and patients suffering from migraine need to be told that although the condition may be distressing, it is not medically serious. SOME people, especially teenagers or those in their twenties, often get recurrent headaches which are usually severe and are even frequently accompanied by vomiting . Their friends or parents often wonder what is wrong with them and ask repeatedly why they are so “unfortunate”. Those young people are usually suffering from migraine. 1. What is migraine? Migraine is a type of improper functioning of the central nervous system which manifests as widespread body disturbances, some of which are painful and some of which are not. The most disturbing feature of this syndrome is the periodic headache usually referred to simply as migraine. Migraine headaches differ from headaches due to other causes by having its own characteristic features. 2. What causes migraine? The underlying cause of the headache in migraine is the dilatation (enlargement) of some of the... ...

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