India: Water test may help prevent crippling bone disease –says scientists 

Nov 20, 2017 0

A simple colour-changing test to rapidly detect fluoride in drinking water may help prevent a crippling bone disease, in developing countries such as India, scientists have said. While low amounts of fluoride are beneficial for healthy teeth, high levels of fluoride can weaken bones, leading to skeletal fluorosis, said researchers at the University of Bath in the UK. ...

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Chronic Stress can make people take abnormal and risky decisions

Nov 18, 2017 0

A study has found that people going through stressful circumstances usually make risky and abnormal decisions under chronic stress. Making decisions in this type of situation, known as a cost-benefit conflict, is dramatically affected by chronic stress. The study, published in the journal Cell, states that impairments of a specific brain circuit underlie this abnormal decision making and could further restore normal behaviour by manipulating this circuit. If a method for tuning this circuit in humans were developed, it could help patients with disorders such as depression, addiction, and anxiety, which often feature poor decision-making, the researchers noted.  “We found a microcircuit of neurons in the striatum that we could manipulate to reverse the effects of stress on this type of decision making,” said Ann Graybiel, Professor at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology in Cambridge, the US. The researchers believe that this circuit integrates information about the good and bad aspects of possible choices, helping the brain to produce a decision. The team conducted a mice study, whereby rodents were... ...

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Energy drinks may affect mental health, blood pressure and obesity

Nov 17, 2017 0

A new study reveals. The energy drinks — high on sugar and caffeine levels — are often marketed as a healthy beverage that people can adopt to improve their energy, stamina, athletic performance and concentration.  The findings showed that energy drinks are associated with health risks ranging from risk-seeking behaviour, such as substance misuse and aggression, mental health problems in the form of anxiety and stress, to increased blood pressure, obesity, kidney damage, fatigue, stomach aches and irritation. ...

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Indian population has gained nearly a decade of life expectancy since 1990- Study

Nov 15, 2017 0

In the first comprehensive analysis of health of India’s 1.34 billion citizens encompassing almost a fifth of world’s population, a study on Monday revealed that the Indian population has gained nearly a decade of life expectancy since 1990, but with vast inequalities between states. The study, published in the noted medical journal Lancet, said that while India had gained life expectancy, there are vast inequalities between states, ranging from 66.8 years in Uttar Pradesh to 78.7 years in Kerala for women. ...

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 Liver test to aid paracetamol overdose treatment

Nov 14, 2017 0

People who overdose on paracetamol could be helped by a blood test that shows immediately if they are going to suffer liver damage.  Researchers in Edinburgh and Liverpool said the test would help doctors identify which patients arriving in hospital need more intensive treatment. The blood test detects levels of specific molecules in blood associated with liver damage. ...

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Taking Excess alcohol may lead to insomnia in adolescents

Nov 13, 2017 0

As per a new study, excess alcohol use among early adolescents may lead to insomnia. “These findings indicate that insomnia may be a unique risk marker for alcohol use among young adolescents,” said Naomi Marmorstein, professor at Rutgers University-Camden in the US. The researcher examined the associations between alcohol use and sleep-related issues on seventh and eighth-grade students. ...

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Antioxidant-rich foods may reduce Type 2 diabetes risk- study

Nov 12, 2017 0

A new study suggests that people who consume antioxidant rich foods may reduce Type 2 diabetes risk is people. The study confirmed that fruits, vegetables, dark chocolates, walnuts, prunes, blueberries, strawberries or hazelnuts and other hot beverages like coffee and tea suffice to the high antioxidants level required for the diabetes control. Also, moderate consumption of alcohol at times adds on to curbing the risk. “This link persists after taking into account all the other principal diabetes risk factors: smoking, education level, hypertension, high cholesterol levels, family history of diabetes and, above all, BMI (Body Mass Index), the most important factor,” clarifies Francesca Romana Mancini, lead author of the study and researcher at the French Institute of Health and Medical Research in France. The researchers studied over 64,223 women for a period of 15 years. All the participants were free from diabetes risk at the time of inclusion in the study.  The researchers prepared a database calculating the ‘total dietary antioxidant capacity’ of each participant based on their responses over... ...

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