Maternal diabetes may up health risks in babies
Babies born to mothers with gestational diabetes (which develops during pregnancy) or pre-gestational diabetes (prior to pregnancy) may be at an increased risk of developing malformations, abnormal size,
jaundice and low blood sugar, says a new study. “Both gestational diabetes and pre-gestational diabetes in pregnancy are associated with worse neonatal outcomes compared with normal pregnancy,” said Basilio Pintuadi from Niguarda Ca’ Granda Hospital in Milan, Italy. “Other clinical conditions, primarily represented by hypertensive and thyroid disorders could also complicate pregnancy outcome,” Pintuadi added. For the study, the team analysed 135,163 pregnancies. Out of these, 1,357 cases complicated by gestational diabetes and 234 by pre-gestational diabetes were selected for an experiment. Infants born to women with gestational diabetes were 10 times at higher risks of developing neonatal hypoglycaemia — a condition arising out of low blood sugar in the body. The risk was 36 times more in babies born to pre-gestational diabetic women. Mothers with gestational diabetes were 1.7 times more at risk of delivering babies abnormally larger in size. Babies born to women with pre-gestational diabetes were 7.9 times more likely to be abnormally larger in size. While women with gestational diabetes were 1.7 times at risk of delivering babies abnormally smaller in size. Mothers with pre-gestational diabetes were 5.8 times likely to deliver babies abnormally smaller in size.